How do you change the rear brake shoes on your Scooter?

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Changing a scooters rear brake shoes

Changing the rear brake shoes on your Scooter step 1

The process of changing rear brake shoes is very simple and can be done by anyone with a basic mechanical knowledge. You need to start by removing the rear wheel of the scooter in question. Usually this means removing the exhaust system as it is in the way.

The process of changing rear brake shoes is very simple and can be done by anyone with a basic mechanical knowledge. You need to start by removing the rear wheel of the scooter in question. Usually this means removing the exhaust system as it is in the way.

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Changing the rear brake shoes on your Scooter step 2

Once these are off then you can remove the two bolts that hold the exhaust bracket on to the crankcase. On some newer models there may be a rubber pipe that leads to the exhaust, if this is the case then disconnect it from the system so you can place it to one side while you work on the rear brake.

Changing the rear brake shoes on your Scooter step 3

Most scooters using a rear drum brake will have one large nut in the centre that holds the wheel on, the inner part of the wheel then acts as the actual brake drum. This nut may be covered by a plastic cap that pops off or even by a cap with a split pin through it covering the nut. Either way the cap needs to be removed to gain access to the wheel nut. Once this is removed you will either need an impact gun or a big ratchet to remove this nut.

Changing the rear brake shoes on your Scooter step 4

If you are using a socket and ratchet then you will need to have the scooter off its stand and on its wheels. You will still need to shock the ratchet to crack the nut and avoid the wheel spinning; it might be helpful if the rear brake was being operated at the same time to reduce the chance of the wheel rotating.

Changing the rear brake shoes on your Scooter step 5

Once you have removed this nut the wheel will slide off the splined output shaft that it sits on, this will reveal the brake shoes.

Changing the rear brake shoes on your Scooter step 6

Before we go ahead and start to remove the shoes and springs you will make the job easier for yourself if you disconnect the rear brake cable from the cam lever that operates the rear brake. You should be able to do this by just removing the nut on the end of the cable. This removes any additional tension that maybe on the springs; once the new shoes are fitted the cable will need adjusting to position the shoes to the correct setting.

Changing the rear brake shoes on your Scooter step 7

Now if you look at the two brake shoes you will see at one end of each shoe it is flat and is positioned against the cam that comes through the crankcase.

Changing the rear brake shoes on your Scooter step 8

Opposite the cam is the retaining peg, this allows one end of each shoe to pivot against it when the brake is under operation. You will then see two springs connecting the two shoes together. To remove the shoes insert a screw driver behind each shoe near the centre and lever them towards you, you should then be able to grab each shoe with your hands and stretch the springs just enough to remove them past the two pins.

Changing the rear brake shoes on your Scooter step 9

Once these are removed we recommend you clean any brake dust that maybe around the casing and also inside the wheel. You can do this using a rag or some kind of aerosol brake cleaner. To fit the new shoes you may need the springs from your old ones however most brake shoes are supplied with new springs.

Changing the rear brake shoes on your Scooter step 10

To refit new shoes connect them together with the two springs provided as they would have been seen on the scooter. Whilst the springs are still hooked into the shoes try and place both of them into the drum area as shown in the picture above. Keeping each shoe almost parallel to each other offers less resistance on the springs, this should make the job easier. Once lined up with the cam and peg simply push the shoes down against the drum casing. Make sure at the end of this process you check that each end of the shoe is seated snugly against both the cam and peg; if everything looks good then you are ready to refit the wheel and exhaust system.

Getting the shoes back into position on the casing may take you a few attempts so be patient.

Changing the rear brake shoes on your Scooter step 11

Now that the wheel and exhaust are back on you need to connect the brake cable back up at the rear of the engine and adjust it accordingly. If you look at the bottom of the cam lever arm where the cable passes through you will have a nut either side, by moving these nuts you’re adjusting how much brake is applied in the rest position.

The more you tighten the nut up the more the brake is applied, you need to keep adjusting it so that the brake lever fully applies the brake without returning right into the lever, as you adjust it remember that the back wheel still needs to spin freely, if it’s too tight the brake will be dragging which could damage the new shoes. Once you are happy with the feel of the brake lever you may need to adjust it in a week or so time as the shoes bed in.

Another job done